Kenwright et al (2005) Brief Scheduled Phone Support From a Clinician to Enhance Computer-Aided Self-Help for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Clinical Psychology, Vol. 61(12), 1499–1508.
Treatment-resistant obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients from around the United Kingdom who employed computer-guided self-help by using BTSteps over 17 weeks were randomized to have brief live phone support from a clinician either (1) in nine Scheduled clinician-initiated calls or (2) only in calls Requested by the patient (n _ 22 per condition). Call content and mean duration were similar across conditions.
Mark Kenwright, Isaac Marks, Candida Graham, Abigail Franses, and David Mataix-Cols
Griest et al (2002) Behaviour Therapy for Obsessive Compulsive Disorder guided by a computer or a clinician compared with relaxation as a control. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 63:2.
The demand for effective behaviour therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) by exposure and ritual prevention exceeds its supply by trained therapists. A computer-guided behaviour therapy self-help system (BT STEPS) was created that patients access by telephone from home via interactive voice response technology. This study compared the value of computer-guided behaviour therapy value with that of clinician-guided behaviour therapy and systematic relaxation as a control treatment.
John H. Greist, M.D.; Isaac M. Marks, M.D.; Lee Baer, Ph.D.; Kenneth A. Kobak, Ph.D.; Keith W. Wenzel, B.S.; M. Joyce Hirsch, M.A.; Julia M. Mantle, R.N., M.S.; and Cathryn M. Clary, M.D.
Nakagawa et al (2000) Self-treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder guided by manual and computer conducted telephone interview. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 2000; 6: 22–26.
While on a waiting list for treatment by therapist-guided exposure and ritual prevention (ERP), patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) did self-treatment at home guided by a manual plus a computer-driven telephone interview system (BTSTEPS). Of 21 patients who used the system for at least three weeks while on the waiting list, one improved so much that subsequent therapist guided ERP was unnecessary.
Akiko Nakagawa, Isaac M. Marks, Je-Min Park, Martin Bachofen, Lee Baer, Susan L. Dottl and John H. Greist
Marks et al (1998) Home self-assessment of obsessive-compulsive Disorder. Journal of Psychiatry, 112, 406-412.
Two studies tested whether subjects with obsessive-compulsive disorder could successfully use BT STEPS, a computer-aided system, to perform self-assessment for self-treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder by exposure and ritual prevention.
I. M. MARKS, L. BAER, J. H. GREIST, J. M. PARK, M. BACHOFEN, A. NAKAGAWA, K. W. WENZEL, J. R. PARKIN, P. A. MANZO, S. L. DOTTL and J. M. MANTLE
Bachofen et al (1999) Home Self-Assessment and Self-Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Using a Manual and a Computer-Conducted Telephone Interview: Replication of a U.K.-U.S. Study. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 60:8.
This open study replicates and extends previous pilot work with BT STEPS, a self-therapy system to assess and treat obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) through exposure and ritual prevention.
Martin Bachofen, M.D.; Akiko Nakagawa, M.D.; Isaac M. Marks, M.D.; Je-Min Park, M.D.; John H. Greist, M.D.; Lee Baer, Ph.D.; Keith W. Wenzel; J. Richard Parkin, M.R.C.Psych.; and Susan L. Dottl, Ph.D.